Sea level rises around the world, causing dangerous flooding and loss of habitat for humans and animals

We, as humans pour greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The world’s seas have absorbed more than 90 % of the heat from these gases and it’s taking a big effect on our oceans:

2018 set a new record for ocean heating and with the heating also a rising of the oceans around the world. The latest announcement from NASA reveals the alarming process of sea level rise: 8 centimeters in the last 23 years, no less.

Sea level is rising faster than 50 years ago and is likely to worsen in the future.


What does this mean? By the end of this century the water could have invaded almost a meter on the mainland (up to 0.9 meters is the United Nations forecast).

Why is this happening? There are three primary factors, which are responsible for the change in sea levels: thermal expansion, melting glaciers and loss of Greenland and Antarctica`s ice sheets. All are induced by ongoing global climate change.

What are the consequences?

The consequences of sea level rise are already being felt, and the forecasts are not very hopeful. First, water is increasingly invading coastal areas, causing soil erosion and threatening farmland, housing or recreation areas. Wetlands are flooded and aquifers are polluted. All this is affecting the flora and fauna, causing the loss of habitat for fish, birds, plants and many other species.

Moreover, a higher sea level is leading to more dangerous hurricanes and typhoons that move more slowly and drop more rain, contributing to more powerful storm surges that can be a real threat to places that might be on its way.

On the social aspect, the constant threat of sea level rise menaces millions of people living in coastal communities. If water continues to rise, they will be forced to abandon their homes and move to another area. So the demographic problem arises. This is known as forced migration resulting from climate change. Finally, low-lying islands would be swallowed by the oceans, leading to the disappearance of large land areas.

So, I think we can assert that our planet is not only metaphorically in deep water…